Manufacturing PMI® at 46%; June 2023 Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®

New Orders, Production, Employment and Backlogs Contracting; Supplier Deliveries Faster; Raw Materials Inventories Contracting; Customers’ Inventories Too Low; Prices Decreasing; Exports and Imports Contracting

TEMPE, Ariz., July 3, 2023 /PRNewswire/ — Economic activity in the manufacturing sector contracted in June for the eighth consecutive month following a 28-month period of growth, say the nation’s supply executives in the latest Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®.

The report was issued today by Timothy R. Fiore, CPSM, C.P.M., Chair of the Institute for Supply Management® (ISM®) Manufacturing Business Survey Committee:

“The June Manufacturing PMI® registered 46 percent, 0.9 percentage point lower than the 46.9 percent recorded in May. Regarding the overall economy, this figure indicates a seventh month of contraction after a 30-month period of expansion. The New Orders Index remained in contraction territory at 45.6 percent, 3 percentage points higher than the figure of 42.6 percent recorded in May. The Production Index reading of 46.7 percent is a 4.4-percentage point decrease compared to May’s figure of 51.1 percent. The Prices Index registered 41.8 percent, down 2.4 percentage points compared to the May figure of 44.2 percent. The Backlog of Orders Index registered 38.7 percent, 1.2 percentage points higher than the May reading of 37.5 percent. The Employment Index dropped into contraction, registering 48.1 percent, down 3.3 percentage points from May’s reading of 51.4 percent.

“The Supplier Deliveries Index figure of 45.7 percent is 2.2 percentage points higher than the 43.5 percent recorded in May. This figure, along with the previous seven, is the Supplier Deliveries Index’s lowest reading in since March 2009 (43.2 percent). (Supplier Deliveries is the only ISM® Report On Business® index that is inversed; a reading of above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries, which is typical as the economy improves and customer demand increases.)

“The Inventories Index dropped 1.8 percentage points to 44 percent; the May reading was 45.8 percent. The New Export Orders Index reading of 47.3 percent is 2.7 percentage points lower than May’s figure of 50 percent. The Imports Index remained in contraction territory, registering 49.3 percent, 2 percentage points higher than the 47.3 percent reported in May.”

Fiore continues, “The U.S. manufacturing sector shrank again, with the Manufacturing PMI® losing ground compared to the previous month, indicating a faster rate of contraction. The June composite index reading reflects companies continuing to manage outputs down as softness continues and optimism about the second half of 2023 weakens. Demand eased again, with the (1) New Orders Index contracting but at a slower rate, (2) New Export Orders Index moving into contraction and (3) Backlog of Orders Index remaining at a level not seen since early in the coronavirus pandemic (May 2020). A potential bright spot: The Customers’ Inventories Index dropped into ‘too low’ territory, a positive for future production. Output/Consumption (measured by the Production and Employment indexes) was negative, with a combined 7.7-percentage point downward impact on the Manufacturing PMI® calculation. Panelists’ companies reduced production and began using layoffs to manage head counts, to a greater extent than in prior months, amid mixed sentiment about when significant growth will return. Inputs — defined as supplier deliveries, inventories, prices and imports — continue to accommodate future demand growth. The Supplier Deliveries Index continued to indicate faster deliveries, and the Inventories Index dropped further into contraction as panelists’ companies try to mitigate inventories exposure. The Prices Index fell further into ‘decreasing’ territory. Manufacturing lead times improved again but remain at elevated levels.

“Of the six biggest manufacturing industries, only one — Transportation Equipment — registered growth in June.

“Demand remains weak, production is slowing due to lack of work, and suppliers have capacity. There are signs of more employment reduction actions in the near term. Seventy-one percent of manufacturing gross domestic product (GDP) contracted in June, down from 76 percent in May. More industries contracted strongly, however, as the share of manufacturing GDP registering a composite PMI® calculation at or below 45 percent — a good barometer of overall manufacturing weakness — was 44 percent in June, compared to 31 percent in May,” says Fiore.

The four manufacturing industries that reported growth in June are: Printing & Related Support Activities; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Primary Metals; and Transportation Equipment. The 11 industries reporting contraction in June, in the following order, are: Plastics & Rubber Products; Wood Products; Textile Mills; Chemical Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Computer & Electronic Products; Paper Products; Fabricated Metal Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; and Machinery.

WHAT RESPONDENTS ARE SAYING

  • “The slowing U.S. economy is causing the business forecast to be revised/reduced for the remainder of 2023. Customers are less inclined to purchase far in advance.” [Computer & Electronic Products]
  • “Customer orders have definitely slowed down. Our company thought the second half of 2023 would be better than the first half, but this doesn’t seem to be the case.” [Chemical Products]
  • “There were concerns that second-quarter sales were going to decrease and result in inventory levels rising; however, demand has remained stable so far. Projecting total end-of-year sales to be about where we were last year.” [Transportation Equipment]
  • “There is an elevated level of capital project review as recession concerns loom. While not delayed, spending and planning are being managed and prioritized.” [Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products]
  • “Markets are stabilizing in the second quarter of 2023 and appear to be trending downward for most commodity chemicals; however, demand versus supply has shifted to customers’ favor.” [Petroleum & Coal Products]
  • “Orders and business are steady with a healthy backlog, but new prospective orders seem to be getting pushed back into 2024.” [Machinery]
  • “North American demand stabilizing, but European markets showing slowing in the second half of 2023 and 2024.” [Fabricated Metal Products]
  • “Here we are almost halfway through the year, and while things are challenging, we may be doing all right.” [Nonmetallic Mineral Products]
  • “Input costs for materials continue to decline. Demand is trending to about 2019 levels, accounting for inflation. The COVID-driven demand has moderated.” [Paper Products]
  • “Maintaining a strong order backlog. Continue to struggle with hiring hourly factory workers and finding qualified management candidates — higher turnover than desired. Pricing has stabilized, but labor costs remain high.” [Primary Metals]

MANUFACTURING AT A GLANCE

June 2023

Index

Series
Index

Jun

Series
Index

May

Percentage

Point

Change

Direction

Rate of
Change

Trend*
(Months)

Manufacturing PMI®

46.0

46.9

-0.9

Contracting

Faster

8

New Orders

45.6

42.6

+3.0

Contracting

Slower

10

Production

46.7

51.1

-4.4

Contracting

From Growing

1

Employment

48.1

51.4

-3.3

Contracting

From Growing

1

Supplier Deliveries

45.7

43.5

+2.2

Faster

Slower

9

Inventories

44.0

45.8

-1.8

Contracting

Faster

4

Customers’ Inventories

46.2

51.4

-5.2

Too Low

From Too High

1

Prices

41.8

44.2

-2.4

Decreasing

Faster

2

Backlog of Orders

38.7

37.5

+1.2

Contracting

Slower

9

New Export Orders

47.3

50.0

-2.7

Contracting

From Unchanged

1

Imports

49.3

47.3

+2.0

Contracting

Slower

8

OVERALL ECONOMY

Contracting

Faster

7

Manufacturing Sector

Contracting

Faster

8

Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® data is seasonally adjusted for the New Orders, Production, Employment and Inventories indexes.
*Number of months moving in current direction.

COMMODITIES REPORTED UP/DOWN IN PRICE AND IN SHORT SUPPLY

Commodities Up in Price
Electrical Components (8); Electronic Components (5); and Steel — Carbon.

Commodities Down in Price
Aluminum; Aluminum Products; Corrugate (7); Crude Oil; Diesel (2); Freight (8); Ocean Freight; Pallets (2); Paper (2); Plastic Resins (13); Polypropylene (2); Steel (3); Steel — Hot Rolled (2); Steel Products; and Synthetic Rubber.

Commodities in Short Supply
Electrical Components (33); Electrical Controls and Equipment; Electronic Assemblies; Electronic Components (31); Hydraulic Components; Semiconductors (31); and Titanium.

Note: The number of consecutive months the commodity is listed is indicated after each item.

JUNE 2023 MANUFACTURING INDEX SUMMARIES

Manufacturing PMI®
The U.S. manufacturing sector contracted in June, as the Manufacturing PMI® registered 46 percent, 0.9 percentage point lower than the reading of 46.9 percent recorded in May. “This is the eighth month of contraction and continuation of a downward trend that began in June 2022. That trend is reflected in the Manufacturing PMI®‘s 12-month average falling to 48.8 percent. Of the five subindexes that directly factor into the Manufacturing PMI®, none are in growth territory. Of the six biggest manufacturing industries, only one (Transportation Equipment) registered growth in June. The New Orders Index logged a 10th month in contraction territory. This month, none of the 10 subindexes were above 50 percent for the period,” says Fiore. A reading above 50 percent indicates that the manufacturing sector is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally contracting.

A Manufacturing PMI® above 48.7 percent, over a period of time, generally indicates an expansion of the overall economy. Therefore, the June Manufacturing PMI® indicates the overall economy contracted in June for a seventh consecutive month after 30 straight months of expansion. “The past relationship between the Manufacturing PMI® and the overall economy indicates that the June reading (46 percent) corresponds to a change of minus-1 percent in real gross domestic product (GDP) on an annualized basis,” says Fiore.

THE LAST 12 MONTHS

Month

Manufacturing
PMI®

Month

Manufacturing
PMI®

Jun 2023

46.0

Dec 2022

48.4

May 2023

46.9

Nov 2022

49.0

Apr 2023

47.1

Oct 2022

50.0

Mar 2023

46.3

Sep 2022

51.0

Feb 2023

47.7

Aug 2022

52.9

Jan 2023

47.4

Jul 2022

52.7

Average for 12 months – 48.8

High – 52.9

Low – 46.0

New Orders
ISM®‘s New Orders Index contracted for the 10th consecutive month in June, registering 45.6 percent, an increase of 3 percentage points compared to May’s reading of 42.6 percent. “Of the six largest manufacturing sectors, only one (Transportation Equipment) reported increased new orders. New order levels remained stalled as panelists’ companies continue to experience uncertainty regarding future customer demand,” says Fiore. A New Orders Index above 52.7 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Census Bureau’s series on manufacturing orders (in constant 2000 dollars).

The five manufacturing industries that reported growth in new orders in June are: Printing & Related Support Activities; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Furniture & Related Products; Transportation Equipment; and Paper Products. Nine industries reported a decline in new orders in June, in the following order: Wood Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Textile Mills; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Computer & Electronic Products; Machinery; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Chemical Products; and Fabricated Metal Products.

New Orders

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Net

Index

Jun 2023

17.7

57.7

24.6

-6.9

45.6

May 2023

16.3

54.0

29.7

-13.4

42.6

Apr 2023

25.2

48.2

26.6

-1.4

45.7

Mar 2023

19.6

56.0

24.4

-4.8

44.3

Production
The Production Index registered 46.7 percent in June, 4.4 percentage points lower than the May reading of 51.1 percent, indicating a return to contraction after one month of expansion preceded by five consecutive months in contraction. “Of the top six industries, three — Transportation Equipment; Machinery; and Computer & Electronic Products — expanded in June. The index recorded its lowest reading since May 2020, when it registered 34.2 percent. With the large-scale contraction of backlogs and the absence of new orders, build rates are likely being managed down more aggressively,” says Fiore. An index above 52.2 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Federal Reserve Board’s Industrial Production figures.

The eight industries reporting growth in production during the month of June are, in order: Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Paper Products; Furniture & Related Products; Primary Metals; Fabricated Metal Products; Transportation Equipment; Machinery; and Computer & Electronic Products. The seven industries reporting a decrease in production in June — in the following order — are: Textile Mills; Wood Products; Petroleum & Coal Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Chemical Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; and Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components.

Production

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Net

Index

Jun 2023

15.0

68.1

16.9

-1.9

46.7

May 2023

20.6

59.5

19.9

+0.7

51.1

Apr 2023

24.4

56.0

19.6

+4.8

48.9

Mar 2023

17.6

63.2

19.2

-1.6

47.8

Employment
ISM®‘s Employment Index registered 48.1 percent in June, 3.3 percentage points lower than the May reading of 51.4 percent. “The index indicated employment contracted after two months of expansion preceded by two months of contraction. Of the six big manufacturing sectors, three (Machinery; Transportation Equipment; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products) expanded. Labor management sentiment at panelists’ companies indicate a slowdown in hiring, with layoffs slightly more prevalent,” says Fiore. An Employment Index above 50.4 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data on manufacturing employment.

Of 18 manufacturing industries, six reported employment growth in June, in the following order: Printing & Related Support Activities; Furniture & Related Products; Machinery; Fabricated Metal Products; Transportation Equipment; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products. The six industries reporting a decrease in employment in June, in the following order, are: Textile Mills; Chemical Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Primary Metals; Plastics & Rubber Products; and Computer & Electronic Products. Six industries reported no change in employment.

Employment

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Net

Index

Jun 2023

15.5

68.1

16.4

-0.9

48.1

May 2023

17.0

67.2

15.8

+1.2

51.4

Apr 2023

17.9

66.5

15.6

+2.3

50.2

Mar 2023

13.7

69.3

17.0

-3.3

46.9

Supplier Deliveries
The delivery performance of suppliers to manufacturing organizations was faster for the ninth straight month in June, as the Supplier Deliveries Index registered 45.7 percent, 2.2 percentage points higher than the 43.5 percent reported in May. For context on the current run of faster supplier delivery performance: The Supplier Deliveries Index’s lowest reading in the last 14 years was in March 2009 (43.2 percent). While the index has been in contraction since October 2022, for the last seven months, the index has averaged 44.9 percent and always come in just behind its value of March 2009. Of the top six manufacturing industries, only Petroleum & Coal Products reported slower deliveries. “Panelists’ comments continue to indicate that suppliers have the capacity to meet all of their customers’ current demand forecasts,” says Fiore. A reading below 50 percent indicates faster deliveries, while a reading above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries.

Six of 18 manufacturing industries reported slower supplier deliveries in June, in the following order: Textile Mills; Wood Products; Petroleum & Coal Products; Primary Metals; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; and Paper Products. The nine industries reporting faster supplier deliveries in June as compared to May — in the following order — are: Furniture & Related Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Chemical Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Machinery; Fabricated Metal Products; Transportation Equipment; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products.

Supplier Deliveries

%Slower

%Same

%Faster

Net

Index

Jun 2023

9.3

72.7

18.0

-8.7

45.7

May 2023

7.2

72.6

20.2

-13.0

43.5

Apr 2023

7.6

74.0

18.4

-10.8

44.6

Mar 2023

8.2

73.2

18.6

-10.4

44.8

Inventories
The Inventories Index registered 44 percent in June, 1.8 percentage points lower than the 45.8 percent reported for May. “Manufacturing inventories contracted at a faster rate compared to May. Of the six big industries, only one (Computer & Electronic Products) increased manufacturing inventories in June. In most of the other industries, manufacturing inventories continue to be managed down by panelists’ companies in support of lower production output. The index recorded its lowest level since January 2014 (43.9 percent),” says Fiore. An Inventories Index greater than 44.4 percent, over time, is generally consistent with expansion in the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) figures on overall manufacturing inventories (in chained 2000 dollars).

Of 18 manufacturing industries, the three reporting higher inventories in June are: Textile Mills; Primary Metals; and Computer & Electronic Products. The 12 industries reporting contracting inventories in June — in the following order — are: Paper Products; Wood Products; Chemical Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Fabricated Metal Products; Furniture & Related Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Transportation Equipment; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; and Machinery.

Inventories

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Net

Index

Jun 2023

8.2

71.6

20.2

-12.0

44.0

May 2023

13.5

63.8

22.7

-9.2

45.8

Apr 2023

15.1

62.4

22.5

-7.4

46.3

Mar 2023

15.5

65.2

19.3

-3.8

47.5

Customers’ Inventories
ISM®‘s Customers’ Inventories Index registered 46.2 percent in June, 5.2 percentage points lower than the 51.4 percent reported for May. “Customers’ inventory levels dropped back into the ‘too low’ range as panelists report their companies’ customers have demand for additional future deliveries from their suppliers, a positive for future production,” says Fiore.

The six industries reporting customers’ inventories as too high in June are, in order: Paper Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Fabricated Metal Products; Chemical Products; and Computer & Electronic Products. The nine industries reporting customers’ inventories as too low in June — in the following order — are: Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Textile Mills; Petroleum & Coal Products; Furniture & Related Products; Transportation Equipment; Primary Metals; Machinery; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; and Miscellaneous Manufacturing.

Customers’
Inventories

%
Reporting

%Too
High

%About
Right

%Too
Low

Net

Index

Jun 2023

73

15.6

61.2

23.2

-7.6

46.2

May 2023

77

20.8

61.1

18.1

+2.7

51.4

Apr 2023

74

19.9

62.7

17.4

+2.5

51.3

Mar 2023

75

19.7

58.4

21.9

-2.2

48.9

Prices
The ISM® Prices Index registered 41.8 percent, 2.4 percentage points lower compared to the May reading of 44.2 percent, indicating raw materials prices decreased in June for the second consecutive month. The index decreased again after a dramatic fall into contraction (or “decreasing”) territory after one month in expansion. “Panelists’ comments indicate that we are now in a buyers’ market, as sellers are concerned about filling order books to support their backlogs. Of the top six manufacturing industries, only one (Computer & Electronic Products) reported price increases in June. Eighty-nine percent of panelists’ companies reported ‘same’ or ‘lower’ prices in June, compared to 85 percent in May,” says Fiore. A Prices Index above 52.9 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Producer Price Index for Intermediate Materials.

In June, three industries reported paying increased prices for raw materials: Textile Mills; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; and Computer & Electronic Products. The 13 industries reporting paying decreased prices for raw materials in June — in the following order — are: Fabricated Metal Products; Paper Products; Wood Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Chemical Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Petroleum & Coal Products; Primary Metals; Furniture & Related Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Machinery; and Transportation Equipment.

Prices

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Net

Index

Jun 2023

11.2

61.1

27.7

-16.5

41.8

May 2023

15.4

57.5

27.1

-11.7

44.2

Apr 2023

26.3

53.7

20.0

+6.3

53.2

Mar 2023

21.4

55.6

23.0

-1.6

49.2

Backlog of Orders
ISM®‘s Backlog of Orders Index registered 38.7 percent, a 1.2-percentage point increase compared to May’s reading of 37.5 percent, indicating order backlogs contracted for the ninth consecutive month (though at a slower rate in June) after a 27-month period of expansion. Of the six largest manufacturing sectors, none expanded order backlogs in June. “The index remains in strong contraction consistent with the New Orders Index, as factories continue to work backlogs down amid continued weak new order levels,” says Fiore.

No industries reported growth in order backlogs in June. The 13 industries reporting lower backlogs in June — in the following order — are: Textile Mills; Plastics & Rubber Products; Wood Products; Paper Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Fabricated Metal Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Computer & Electronic Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Chemical Products; Transportation Equipment; Primary Metals; and Machinery.

Backlog of
Orders

%
Reporting

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Net

Index

Jun 2023

90

8.3

60.8

30.9

-22.6

38.7

May 2023

91

10.8

53.3

35.9

-25.1

37.5

Apr 2023

90

15.3

55.6

29.1

-13.8

43.1

Mar 2023

90

12.6

62.6

24.8

-12.2

43.9

New Export Orders
ISM®‘s New Export Orders Index registered 47.3 percent in June, 2.7 percentage points lower than the May reading of 50 percent. “The New Export Orders Index indicated that export orders contracted in June after being unchanged in May, preceded by nine straight months in contraction territory and 25 months of expansion from July 2020 to July 2022. Comments now note the weak performance in order levels from China and Europe as an ongoing concern,” says Fiore.

Two industries reported growth in new export orders in June: Printing & Related Support Activities; and Miscellaneous Manufacturing. The eight industries reporting a decrease in new export orders in June — in the following order — are: Wood Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Machinery; Computer & Electronic Products; Fabricated Metal Products; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products. Six industries reported no change in exports in June compared to May.

New Export
Orders

%
Reporting

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Net

Index

Jun 2023

71

8.0

78.6

13.4

-5.4

47.3

May 2023

71

9.0

81.9

9.1

-0.1

50.0

Apr 2023

72

11.1

77.4

11.5

-0.4

49.8

Mar 2023

71

9.2

76.7

14.1

-4.9

47.6

Imports
ISM®‘s Imports Index registered 49.3 percent in June, an increase of 2 percentage points compared to May’s figure of 47.3 percent. “The index contracted for the eighth consecutive month, at a slower rate in June, following a five-month period of expansion. Panelists’ comments again indicate that the index reading reflects sluggish demand. Shipping capacity and prices continue to be accommodative,” says Fiore.

The four industries reporting an increase in import volumes in June are: Petroleum & Coal Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Primary Metals; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products. The 10 industries that reported lower volumes of imports in June — listed in the following order — are: Paper Products; Wood Products; Furniture & Related Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Transportation Equipment; Machinery; Chemical Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; and Computer & Electronic Products.

Imports

%
Reporting

%Higher

%Same

%Lower

Net

Index

Jun 2023

83

10.8

76.9

12.3

-1.5

49.3

May 2023

84

7.7

79.2

13.1

-5.4

47.3

Apr 2023

85

11.8

76.1

12.1

-0.3

49.9

Mar 2023

83

11.3

73.2

15.5

-4.2

47.9

The Supplier Deliveries, Customers’ Inventories, Prices, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders, and Imports indexes do not meet the accepted criteria for seasonal adjustments.

Buying Policy
The average commitment lead time for Capital Expenditures in June was 175 days, an increase of three days compared to May. Average lead time in June for Production Materials was 83 days, a decrease of one day. Average lead time for Maintenance, Repair and Operating (MRO) Supplies was 47 days, an increase of two days from May. 

Percent Reporting

Capital
Expenditures

Hand-to-
Mouth

30 Days

60 Days

90 Days

6 Months

1 Year+

Average
Days

Jun 2023

17

5

8

11

30

29

175

May 2023

16

7

5

13

32

27

172

Apr 2023

18

4

6

14

32

26

170

Mar 2023

17

5

6

13

29

30

178

Percent Reporting

Production
Materials

Hand-to-
Mouth

30 Days

60 Days

90 Days

6 Months

1 Year+

Average
Days

Jun 2023

8

26

23

28

10

5

83

May 2023

8

25

29

21

12

5

84

Apr 2023

7

23

26

27

10

7

90

Mar 2023

8

26

22

27

11

6

87

Percent Reporting

MRO Supplies

Hand-to-
Mouth

30 Days

60 Days

90 Days

6 Months

1 Year+

Average
Days

Jun 2023

26

38

18

12

5

1

47

May 2023

30

34

18

13

4

1

45

Apr 2023

27

40

15

12

5

1

46

Mar 2023

28

34

21

12

4

1

46

About This Report
DO NOT CONFUSE THIS NATIONAL REPORT with the various regional purchasing reports released across the country. The national report’s information reflects the entire U.S., while the regional reports contain primarily regional data from their local vicinities. Also, the information in the regional reports is not used in calculating the results of the national report. The information compiled in this report is for the month of June 2023.

The data presented herein is obtained from a survey of manufacturing supply executives based on information they have collected within their respective organizations. ISM® makes no representation, other than that stated within this release, regarding the individual company data collection procedures. The data should be compared to all other economic data sources when used in decision-making.

Data and Method of Presentation
The Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® is based on data compiled from purchasing and supply executives nationwide. The composition of the Manufacturing Business Survey Committee is stratified according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and each of the following NAICS-based industry’s contribution to gross domestic product (GDP): Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Textile Mills; Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Wood Products; Paper Products; Printing & Related Support Activities; Petroleum & Coal Products; Chemical Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Primary Metals; Fabricated Metal Products; Machinery; Computer & Electronic Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Transportation Equipment; Furniture & Related Products; and Miscellaneous Manufacturing (products such as medical equipment and supplies, jewelry, sporting goods, toys and office supplies). The data are weighted based on each industry’s contribution to GDP. According to the BEA estimates for 2021 GDP (released December 22, 2022), the six largest manufacturing subsectors are: Computer & Electronic Products; Chemical Products; Transportation Equipment; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Machinery; and Petroleum & Coal Products.

Survey responses reflect the change, if any, in the current month compared to the previous month. For each of the indicators measured (New Orders, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders, Imports, Production, Supplier Deliveries, Inventories, Customers’ Inventories, Employment and Prices), this report shows the percentage reporting each response, the net difference between the number of responses in the positive economic direction (higher, better and slower for Supplier Deliveries) and the negative economic direction (lower, worse and faster for Supplier Deliveries), and the diffusion index. Responses are raw data and are never changed. The diffusion index includes the percent of positive responses plus one-half of those responding the same (considered positive).

The resulting single index number for those meeting the criteria for seasonal adjustments (Manufacturing PMI®, New Orders, Production, Employment and Inventories) is then seasonally adjusted to allow for the effects of repetitive intra-year variations resulting primarily from normal differences in weather conditions, various institutional arrangements, and differences attributable to non-moveable holidays. All seasonal adjustment factors are subject annually to relatively minor changes when conditions warrant them. The Manufacturing PMI® is a composite index based on the diffusion indexes of five of the indexes with equal weights: New Orders (seasonally adjusted), Production (seasonally adjusted), Employment (seasonally adjusted), Supplier Deliveries, and Inventories (seasonally adjusted).

Diffusion indexes have the properties of leading indicators and are convenient summary measures showing the prevailing direction of change and the scope of change. A Manufacturing PMI® reading above 50 percent indicates that the manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally declining. A Manufacturing PMI® above 48.7 percent, over a period of time, indicates that the overall economy, or gross domestic product (GDP), is generally expanding; below 48.7 percent, it is generally declining. The distance from 50 percent or 48.7 percent is indicative of the extent of the expansion or decline. With some of the indicators within this report, ISM® has indicated the departure point between expansion and decline of comparable government series, as determined by regression analysis. The Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® survey is sent out to Manufacturing Business Survey Committee respondents the first part of each month. Respondents are asked to report on information for the current month for U.S. operations only. ISM® receives survey responses throughout most of any given month, with the majority of respondents generally waiting until late in the month to submit responses to give the most accurate picture of current business activity. ISM® then compiles the report for release on the first business day of the following month.

The industries reporting growth, as indicated in the Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® monthly report, are listed in the order of most growth to least growth. For the industries reporting contraction or decreases, those are listed in the order of the highest level of contraction/decrease to the least level of contraction/decrease.

Responses to Buying Policy reflect the percent reporting the current month’s lead time, the approximate weighted number of days ahead for which commitments are made for Capital Expenditures; Production Materials; and Maintenance, Repair and Operating (MRO) Supplies, expressed as hand-to-mouth (five days), 30 days, 60 days, 90 days, six months (180 days), a year or more (360 days), and the weighted average number of days. These responses are raw data, never revised, and not seasonally adjusted.

ISM ROB Content
The Institute for Supply Management® (“ISM”) Report On Business® (both Manufacturing and Non-Manufacturing) (“ISM ROB”) contains information, text, files, images, video, sounds, musical works, works of authorship, applications, and any other materials or content (collectively, “Content”) of ISM (“ISM ROB Content”). ISM ROB Content is protected by copyright, trademark, trade secret, and other laws, and as between you and ISM, ISM owns and retains all rights in the ISM ROB Content. ISM hereby grants you a limited, revocable, nonsublicensable license to access and display on your individual device the ISM ROB Content (excluding any software code) solely for your personal, non-commercial use. The ISM ROB Content shall also contain Content of users and other ISM licensors. Except as provided herein or as explicitly allowed in writing by ISM, you shall not copy, download, stream, capture, reproduce, duplicate, archive, upload, modify, translate, publish, broadcast, transmit, retransmit, distribute, perform, display, sell, or otherwise use any ISM ROB Content.

Except as explicitly and expressly permitted by ISM, you are strictly prohibited from creating works or materials (including but not limited to tables, charts, data streams, time-series variables, fonts, icons, link buttons, wallpaper, desktop themes, online postcards, montages, mashups and similar videos, greeting cards, and unlicensed merchandise) that derive from or are based on the ISM ROB Content. This prohibition applies regardless of whether the derivative works or materials are sold, bartered, or given away. You shall not either directly or through the use of any device, software, internet site, web-based service, or other means remove, alter, bypass, avoid, interfere with, or circumvent any copyright, trademark, or other proprietary notices marked on the Content or any digital rights management mechanism, device, or other content protection or access control measure associated with the Content including geo-filtering mechanisms. Without prior written authorization from ISM, you shall not build a business utilizing the Content, whether or not for profit.

You shall not create, recreate, distribute, incorporate in other work, or advertise an index of any portion of the Content unless you receive prior written authorization from ISM. Requests for permission to reproduce or distribute ISM ROB Content can be made by contacting in writing at: ISM Research, Institute for Supply Management, 309 West Elliot Road, Suite 113, Tempe, Arizona 85284-1556, or by emailing [email protected]. Subject: Content Request.

ISM shall not have any liability, duty, or obligation for or relating to the ISM ROB Content or other information contained herein, any errors, inaccuracies, omissions or delays in providing any ISM ROB Content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. In no event shall ISM be liable for any special, incidental, or consequential damages, arising out of the use of the ISM ROB. Report On Business®, PMI®, Manufacturing PMI®, Services PMI®, Hospital PMI®, and NMI® are registered trademarks of Institute for Supply Management®. Institute for Supply Management® and ISM® are registered trademarks of Institute for Supply Management, Inc.

About Institute for Supply Management®
Institute for Supply Management® (ISM®) serves supply management professionals in more than 90 countries. Its 50,000 members around the world manage about US$1 trillion in corporate and government supply chain procurement annually. Founded in 1915 as the first supply management institute in the world, ISM is committed to advancing the practice of supply management to drive value and competitive advantage for its members, contributing to a prosperous and sustainable world. ISM leads the profession through the ISM® Report On Business®, its highly regarded certification programs and the ISM® Advance Digital Platform. This report has been issued by the association since 1931, except for a four-year interruption during World War II.

The full text version of the Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® is posted on ISM®‘s website at www.ismrob.org on the first business day* of every month after 10:00 a.m. ET.

The next Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® featuring July 2023 data will be released at 10:00 a.m. ET on Tuesday, August 1, 2023.

*Unless the New York Stock Exchange is closed.

Contact:

Kristina Cahill


Report On Business® Analyst


ISM®, ROB/Research Manager


Tempe, Arizona


+1 480.455.5910


Email: [email protected]

SOURCE Institute for Supply Management

Originally published at https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/manufacturing-pmi-at-46-june-2023-manufacturing-ism-report-on-business-301868365.html
Images courtesy of https://pixabay.com

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